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Πέμπτη, 20 Αυγούστου 2015

ΒΙΑΙΕΣ ΕΠΑΝΑΠΡΟΩΘΗΣΕΙΣ ΣΕ ΘΑΛΑΣΣΑ ΚΑΙ ΞΗΡΑ;

Φωτογραφία από το εσωτερικό κρατητηρίου στο Χειμώνιο Εβρου
Φωτογραφία (από κινητό) από το εσωτερικό του κρατητηρίου-αποθήκης στο Χειμώνιο Εβρου, απέναντι από τον σιδηροδρομικό σταθμό, όπου φέρεται να κρατήθηκαν οι οικογένειες των προσφύγων πριν επαναπροωθηθούν στην Τουρκία



  
Περιστατικό βίαιης επαναπροώθησης Σύρων προσφύγων την παραμονή του Δεκαπενταύγουστου στον Εβρο καταγγέλλει, μέσω της «Εφ.Συν.», το Δίκτυο Κοινωνικής Υποστήριξης Προσφύγων και Μεταναστών.
Η συγκεκριμένη καταγγελία του Δικτύου προστίθεται σε άλλες δημοσιοποιημένες μαρτυρίες, που δείχνουν ότι -στη σκιά της επίσημης πολιτικής της νέας κυβέρνησης- οι αστυνομικές δυνάμεις της περιοχής του Εβρου εξακολουθούν να διενεργούν άτυπα παράνομες βίαιες επιχειρήσεις επαναπροώθησης προσφύγων, όπως αυτές που είχαν καταγραφεί σε αναλυτικές εκθέσεις της γερμανικής οργάνωσης ProAsyl και της Διεθνούς Αμνηστίας.
«Είναι ξεκάθαρο από την έρευνά μας ότι, παρά τις κυβερνητικές καταδίκες, οι βίαιες επαναπροωθήσεις εξακολουθούν να συμβαίνουν. Οχι μόνο είναι παράνομες, σύμφωνα με το Διεθνές Δίκαιο, αλλά και παρακινούν έναν διαρκώς αυξανόμενο αριθμό απελπισμένων προσφύγων να ξεκινήσουν επικίνδυνα ταξίδια στο Αιγαίο», ανέφερε στις 25 του περασμένου Ιουνίου εκπρόσωπος της Διεθνούς Αμνηστίας σε σχετική ανακοίνωση.
Η συγκεκριμένη αναφερόταν ενδεικτικά σε μαρτυρία Σύρου που, μαζί με άλλους συμπατριώτες του, υπήρξε θύμα επιχείρησης επαναπροώθησης στις 14 Απριλίου από ομάδες αστυνομικών που είχαν καλύψει τα πρόσωπά τους με μπαλακλάβα (ορειβατικός σκούφος). «Αρχισαν να μας χτυπούν με γροθιές και να μας κλοτσούν, ενώ είχαμε πέσει στο έδαφος. Με έπιασαν από τα μαλλιά και μας έσπρωξαν προς το ποτάμι», ανέφερε.

Τρίτη, 11 Αυγούστου 2015

[EN] THE CHALLENGE OF MIGRATORY WAVES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN: SHAPING A RESPONSE

The Arab Spring and its aftermath have provoked significant regional unrest from which emerged political regime changes in many countries of North Africa and the Middle East. In Syria and Libya, notably, unrest has led to devastating civil wars forcing a large part of their population to attempt to reach European grounds seeking refuge and better living conditions.

The European Union (EU) faces security and humanitarian challenges of unprecedented proportions due to the huge migratory wave across the central and eastern Mediterranean.
As Malta’s Prime Minister stated in April, “What is happening now is of epic proportions. If Europe, if the global community continues to turn a blind eye… we will all be judged in the same way that history has judged Europe when it turned a blind eye to the genocide of this century and last century.”

By Maria Kottari

Amid ongoing migrant arrivals, and considerations by the EU of more direct action, this article outlines the conditions of trafficking across the Mediterranean Sea and the attendant security and humanitarian implications for the EU.

The article focuses on the case of illegal migration towards Greek shores and the internal policy challenges the country faces given its ongoing economic crisis.

An assessment of FRONTEX’s maritime operations in the eastern Mediterranean is made, along with an analysis of Turkey’s role and the EU’s strategy in the areas of maritime and migration policy.

Overview


The commemoration of the tragic shipwreck of the Titanic some 103 years earlier took place on 16 April 2015.

A comparison made by Amnesty International shows that in 2014 migrant drownings in the Mediterranean made up more than the equivalent of two Titanics in terms of numbers of victims.

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) some 3,400- 3,500 migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers bound for European shores lost their lives crossing the Mediterranean in 2014. This number is expected to rise in 2015. On 18 April 2015, 800 migrants drowned off the Libyan coast and a similar event took place in the beginning of the same month with 400 victims.

According to the Greek authorities, during the weekend of 18 and 19 April the Greek coastguard rescued 1,047 migrants at risk. Amnesty International reports that the escalating conflicts in Africa and the Middle East have “led to the largest refugee disaster since the Second World War.”

Amnesty estimates that 57 million people have been forced to flee worldwide in the last year, 6 million more than in 2012.

As shown in Figure 1 (below), for the last two years illegal border crossings via seaways have surpassed illegal land border crossings.
MIgratory Flows
Migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers from North Africa and the Middle East, mainly from Libya, Syria and Somalia, are crossing the Mediterranean in droves, aided by human traffickers, seeking better living conditions in EU territory.

Smugglers take full advantage of migrants’ desperation, trying to squeeze their last cent from them.

Τρίτη, 4 Αυγούστου 2015

[EN] MISSING MIGRANTS UPDATE | 3 AUGUST 2015






The Missing Migrants Project is the only global database sharing key data on deceased and missing migrants around the world. The aim is to strengthen advocacy and support a more informed policy response. Page 1 | 2 | Download PDF

3/08/2015

http://www.iom.int/infographics/missing-migrants-update-3-august-2015

Σάββατο, 1 Αυγούστου 2015

[EN] GATEWAY TO FREEDOM: MIGRANTS WALK THOUSANDS OF KM FOR HAVEN OF WESTERN EUROPE

MARK MACKINNON
SUBOTICA, SERBIA — The Globe and Mail

Migrants wait to board a train at Belgrade's main railway station bound for the border with Hungary on June 26, 2015. Hungary, which has seen 60,000 migrants crossing its border this year, said it would build a four-metre (13-foot) fence on its southern border with Serbia through which most migrants come into the country. (Andrej Isakovic / AFP/Getty Images)

GATEWAY TO FREEDOM
Their journey is gruelling. Tens of thousands of migrants travel routes as long as 7,000 km – on foot – exhausted and hungry and sometimes hunted by police, for havens in Western Europe and even Canada.

The Globe's Senior International Correspondent Mark MacKinnon spoke with several migrants along the Serbia-Hungary border in a place called The Jungle and reports on their harrowing overland journeys

Turn off the highway that winds among the farms near Serbia’s border with Hungary, walk into the shoulder-high weeds and you find them: hundreds of people, nearly all of them young men, clustered in makeshift camps. They’re hiding here – near the end of epic overland journeys – waiting for the right moment to continue their march north, toward what they hope are new and better lives in the European Union, or even Canada.

The migrants call this place The Jungle, which is more a reflection of the palpable edginess here than the density of the foliage. The Jungle is just 10 kilometres from the Hungarian border, and the gateway to the 26 countries in Europe where people can move across state lines without visas. The migrants have been dreaming about reaching the Schengen Area since they left their homes in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, and Iraq. Once they get across the Hungarian border, they feel closer to their goal. They talk of jobs in Germany, distant relatives in Sweden.

They walked most of the way here. “It took us six months,” said an exhausted-looking Sajid Khan, a wiry 18-year-old from Paktia province in eastern Afghanistan who made the almost 7,000-kilometre overland journey via Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Greece and Macedonia with four other young men. Swollen and blistered feet poke out from their battered plastic sandals.